Ano Ang Nilalaman Ng Tripoli Agreement
Date Posted: September 11, 2021 by admin
Under the government of Fidel V. Ramos, the government and the MNLF signed the final peace agreement in Jakarta, Indonesia, in 1996.  It allowed qualified mnlf members to join the ranks of the Philippine forces and the Philippine National Police and created the Southern Philippines Council for Peace and Development, dominated by the MNLF. Misuari then ran as governor of the ARMM without an opponent.  The peace agreement earned Ramos and Misuari the Félix Houphouët-Boigny Prize in 1997.  “This is no longer the parent agreement,” Marcos said at a press conference. The 1976 Tripoli Agreement was signed by Carmelo Z. on December 23, 1976 in Tripoli, Libya. Barbero, representative of the Philippine government and Only Misuari of the Moro National Liberation Front.  The agreement set out autonomous administrative arrangements for Muslims in the southern Philippines, the creation of an autonomous government, a Sharia judicial system and special security forces, and the observance of a ceasefire.  The autonomous region should have its own economic system, including an Islamic bank.  Talks resumed shortly, but did not result in a peace agreement. Ferdinand Marcos would then have to implement the agreement by creating two autonomous regions (instead of one) composed of ten (instead of thirteen).
This led to the collapse of the peace pact and the resumption of hostilities between the MNLF and Philippine government forces.   The MOA-AD was later declared unconstitutional by 8 votes to 7. But the Supreme Court also recognized that it was “an important part” of a series of agreements needed to implement the peace agreement between the GRP and MILF tripoli signed in 2001 by the government and the MILF. Among the facilitators of the agreement were members of the quadripartite ministerial commission of the Organization of the Islamic Conference headed by Ali Abdussalam Treki, who represented Muammar Gaddafi, the head of the host country, and OIC Secretary General Amadou Karim Gaye.  Other members of the quadripartite ministerial commission included, in addition to Treki, representatives from Saudi Arabia, Senegal and Somalia.  The 1976 Tripoli Agreement is considered the “mother`s agreement” on the autonomy of the Moro people, as it was the first time that a revolutionary group fighting for independence had autonomy over parts of Mindanao and Palawan that were once under the sultanates of Sulu and Maguindanao and Lanao del Surs Pat in Pangampong. The 2001 Tripoli agreement cited the 1997 ceasefire agreement, the 1976 Tripoli agreement and the 1996 Jakarta agreement between the Philippine government and the MNLF, as well as an OIC resolution calling on the government and the MILF to “immediately end armed hostilities and conduct peace talks to find a peaceful solution to the existing problem in Mindanao.” During the negotiations, Marcos noted in his diary that Misuari and Libyan diplomat Ali Treki have repeatedly insisted that “all of Mindanao, Sulu and Palawan be organized in one region. But they are ready to put this to a referendum.  Marcos was inclined to approve of it, believing that “Palawan, the three Davaos, the two Surigaos, the two Agusans, Southern Cotabato, Bukidnon, the two Misamis, perhaps Lanao del Norte, Zamboanga del Norte and others” do not want to be admitted to the Muslim autonomous region. The day before the agreement was signed, negotiations broke down and Gaddafi asked Imelda Marcos to return to Libya to speed up talks.