Explains The Parties And Roles Of A Collective Agreement
Date Posted: September 19, 2021 by admin
Twenty percent of our companies use remote work (also known as remote). *28 Telework is indirectly defined in Article 6 (4) of the Court of Law; However, the law does not provide for specific conditions to this effect. Given that telework is a specific form of work and is becoming more and more frequent, the law should have required that the specific conditions of telework could be agreed in collective agreements. According to this author, such a reference in the law would push the social partners to regulate this area through broader collective agreements. One of the few collective agreements providing for telework has been concluded at the Riigikogu Chancellery. *29 The degree to which telework is regulated by laws or collective agreements varies from country to country. In France, labour law designates telework as an agreement between the employer and the employee within the framework of the existing collective agreement with regard to the entire annual working time, provided that the duration of telework does not exceed 218 hours per year. *30 The national collective agreement in Belgium *31 defines the conditions for telework at home, including the employer`s obligation to avoid isolation of teleworkers and to provide technical assistance and software protection. In most EU Member States, the role of collective agreements has changed since the 1980s. In a global economy, social partners and states have an interest not only in stability, but also in being able to adapt and be sustainable. In other words, the traditional role of collective agreements – the agreement on terms that are more advantageous than those required by law – is no longer sufficient.
In addition to a profit distributor and an instrument that complements the legislation, it is considered a regulatory and flexible instrument. Depending on the situation, the role of collective agreements is to replace, develop or implement a law. The Court of Justice has no important role to play in collective agreements on key labour relations issues, which imposes the right of many countries to be governed by collective agreements, such as. Β the conditions for the conclusion of fixed-term contracts in Italy *51; the maximum duration of fixed-term contracts and the principles for renewal in Germany *52; notice periods for employment contracts shorter than those prescribed by German law *53; Principles prohibiting ordinary dismissal in Germany *54; and the principles of the dismissal procedure, benefits and reintegration in Finland, in accordance with Chapter 13(7) of the Finnish Employment Contracts Act. . . .