Global Sustainability Agreements
Date Posted: April 9, 2021 by admin
This article aims to fill this research gap with an exploratory analysis of sustainability and the integration of environmental policy into a group of important multilateral environmental agreements. We map environmental, social and economic issues in the decisions of multilateral environmental agreements, assess the different degrees of political integration and discuss the impact on global governance on sustainable development. The concept of the environment is broad. Some agreements include a number of environmental protection measures, while others are very specific. The draft database of international environmental agreements divides agreements into environmental categories: there have been a small but relatively constant number of references to cross-employment social and economic issues (Figure 1). For example, gender issues have played a leading role in previous conferences of the parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, as they have been taken annually since 2010. The term “sustainable development” appears 12 times in the 2015 Paris Agreement (the agreement was introduced in a decision and was therefore incorporated into the analysis). Its aim is to “strengthen the global response to the threat of climate change in the context of sustainable development and efforts to eradicate poverty.” The explicit inclusion of poverty issues in the target is a significant change from the 1997 Kyoto Protocol, where the goal was simply to “promote sustainable development”. 44 In addition, the preamble to the 2015 Paris Agreement makes an unprecedented reference to other environmental and sustainable development issues by calling on the parties to respect their respective obligations on human rights, the right to health, the rights of indigenous peoples, local communities, migrants, children, people with disabilities and people with disabilities and vulnerable people. , as well as the right to development, gender equality and gender equality, to promote and examine.
strengthening the role of women and intergenerational equity. The preamble also contains references to “climate justice” as an important approach to climate change action, as well as “education, training, public awareness, public participation, [and] public access to information.” The economic dimension of sustainable development, which is more politically sensitive, does not play a more important role than the social dimension, but it contains formulations that are similar to the sustainable development objective for sustainable consumption and production45. 46 The graph below compares the group of seven (G7) and BRICS countries using measures such as GDP, participation in environmental agreements, CO2 emissions and the use of renewable energy.