Lausanne Agreement Ending

Date Posted: September 25, 2021 by admin


It is possible to strike a balance between the Lausanne II Treaties and the “Treaty of Nanking” that China addressed to Britain after the First Opium War by signing the Chenba Agreement, which was to end the First Anglo-Chinese Conflict. In 1839, Britain invaded China to break opposition to its participation in the country`s economic and political affairs, and one of the main objectives of the British War was the occupation of Hong Kong Island, populated on the coasts of southeastern China. The new British colony (Hong Kong Island) prospered by becoming a trading center between East and West and the commercial gateway and distribution center for southern China, and in 1898, Britain secured another 99 years of rule over Hong Kong under the Second Beijing Convention. The Ottomans had sovereignty over the two holy sites of Mecca and Medina and ruled Cyprus, Iraq, Syria, Libya and Greece. The time is close to the expiry of the Treaty of Lausanne on 24 July 2023. The end of the treaty will mark the revival of Turkish regional hegemony, because they will be free to drill in the Black Sea, the Eastern Mediterranean. In September 1984, after years of negotiations, the British and Chinese signed a formal agreement authorizing the repatriation of the island to China in 1997 in exchange for China`s promise to maintain Hong Kong`s capitalist system, and on the first of July 1997, Hong Kong was created in a ceremony attended by a number of Chinese and British personalities. officially handed over to China. The head of Hong Kong`s new government, Tung Chee Hwa, has defined a policy based on the concept of “One Country, Two Systems” that maintains Hong Kong`s role as a major capitalist center in Asia. However, when Erdoğan came to power in November 2012 as a one-party government with his new Justice and Development Party (AKP), he brought Serim into government and appointed him head of the Prime Minister`s Special Fund. Spending on discretionary funds increased dramatically during Erdoğan`s presidential term. In the first 10 months of 2019, spending on Slush funds peaked at 1.8 billion Turkish liras.

In 2003, expenditure amounted to only 103 million Turkish lira. Section I. Ottoman Public Debt. Article 46 The Ottoman public debt, as defined in the table annexed to this section, shall be established between Turkey, the States for the benefit of which the Ottoman Empire was separated after the Balkan Wars of 1912-13, the States to which the islands referred to in Articles 12 and 15 of the Treaty have been replaced; and the area mentioned in the last treaty. The paragraph of this article was assigned, and the new states created in parts of Asia that, according to the current treaty, are separated from the Ottoman Empire. All the above-mentioned States shall also participate in the renewal fees for the service of the Ottoman sovereign debt from the dates referred to in Article 53, under the conditions laid down in this Section. From the dates referred to in article 53, Turkey shall in no way be held liable for the share of debt for which other States are responsible. For the purposes of the distribution of the Ottoman sovereign debt, that part of the territory of Thrace, which was under Turkish sovereignty on 1 August 1914 and which lies outside the borders of Turkey, as defined in Article 2 of the Treaty, shall be considered separate from the Ottoman Empire by virtue of the said Treaty. .

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